Article Summary: Does Programming Matter

The article summary is limited to a single-spaced one-page paper. You must summarize the article I give you. Place the correct APA citation for the article at the top of the page. Provide the Article Overview at the beginning of your summary explaining the overall contribution of this article. This is like a summary of the summary. It should consist of 3-5 sentences listing the main points of the article. Define the Methods being used. This includes the sample information and measures (or variables) used during the study. Sample: The sample may be a group of participants or previous studies that have explored the topic. Be clear on this. State if the authors (or the previous studies they looked at) mention different populations looked at. For example, some authors refer to other studies to build their argument. These other studies might have looked at samples of prison inmates, offenders who were released on bail, or individuals on community sanctions. State specifically what they looked at. Other good information to add is the year(s) included and the total number of participants (or studies). Measures: The measures are the variables the author looked at. Independent Variable(s) (IV): The IVs are what impacts change in the dependent variable. For example, many studies have evaluated the impact of race and socioeconomic status on recidivism. In this case, race and SES would be the IVs and recidivism would be the DV. IVs can be anything the researchers hypothesize and can include items such as type of program used for treatment, an individual’s level of self-control or impulsivity, or if the individual experienced physical or sexual abuse as a child. Note those measures that were most significant in the article if there were many discussed. Make sure to explain vague concepts (such as how they measured self-control). Specifically state “The independent variable(s) for this study were…” I want to see you know the difference between the IV and DV. Dependent Variable(s) (DV): CJ is often concerned with the outcome measure of recidivism (often operationalized as a new arrest, conviction, incarceration). Other outcome measures may include quality of life markers, prison misconducts, or test scores. These are the dependent variables. State the DVs of the study specifically, “The dependent variable(s) for this study were…” Outline the Findings of the study: Focus on the main findings discussed in the article. Be specific. If the authors tested a relationship between childhood abuse and involvement in criminal activity as an adult, make sure you discuss what they found. Was this a significant relationship or not? I should see the relationships between the IVs and DVs you defined under the measures second of the summary. This will be your longest section. Assignment Requirements: You are required to summarize this article in a single-spaced one-page paper. For this assignment NOTHING over one page Every section must be on the one single-spaced page required for the assignment. That said, it does not have to be a full page. It can be less if you are able to address all sections in less than a page.

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