domestic violence affects child development
Example Outline for PowerPoint Presentation:
What makes children more likely to be bullied?
§ A bully is someone who intimidates using verbal and or physical violence usually to ridicule a victim or to force a victim to do something
§ About 20 percent of school age children are bullies (Berk 2014)
§ About 25 percent of children are repeatedly bullied (Berk 2014)
§ Research says that most of the bullies are boys but there is a considerable amount of girl who bully. (Berk 2014)
§ Boys tend to be both physically and verbally aggressive and as they get older, they tend to use insults of a sexual nature (Berk 2014).
§ Girls tend to bully using verbal and rational hostility (Berk 2014).
§ A bully usually targets children who are already rejected by other peers because other peers will rarely intervene (Berk 2014)
§ Some studies found that bullies may initiate acts of bullying for varying reasons including having fun, emotional release, intolerance of diversity of their peer culture and achieving status and other benefits (Berk 2014)
§ Chronic victims of bullying tend to be passive when active behavior is expected
§ Some traits of chronic victims are they have inhibited temperament and a weak physical appearance (Berk 2014)
§ They also tend to have resistant attachment, overly controlling parents and maternal overprotection (Berk 2014)
§ Analysis shows that three types of students were most likely to be targeted by bullies: proactive students, vulnerable students, and students whose behavior was considered atypical (Wong 2013)
§ victimized children respond to provocative scenarios across a range of interpersonal contexts with more intense feelings of anger, more motivation to retaliate and less motivation to improve, and more frequent intentions to aggress (Full 2007).
§ Some key ways to help children that are being bullied is by interventions in which the they help victimized children change the negative opinions of themselves and positive ways to respond to their attackers (Berk 2014).
§ Another great way to reduce bullying is to develop school and community codes against bullying (Berk 2014).
§ Students need to understand that telling others about their victimization
§ has to do with helping themselves, rather than with getting bullies into
§ trouble (Wong 2013)
§ Many victims of bullying fear retaliation if they try to seek help it is important to create a safe environment for the victim (Wong 2013)
Berk, L. E. (2014). Exploring lifespan development. Boston: Pearson. A
Full Ahampion, K. M., & Clay, D. L. (2007). Individual Differences in Responses to Provocation and
Frequent Victimization by Peers. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 37(3), 205-220.
Wong, C., Cheng, Y., & Chen, L. (2013). Multiple perspectives on the targets and causes of school
all this is an example how the outline has to be done please thanks.