Exploration of Theories Exercise
Exploration Exercise from page 15 in the Course Workbook
Where Do You Stand on Major Developmental Issues?
Part I. Choose one option for each statement. Then use the table below the items to compare your results with how theorists view development.
1. Biological influences (heredity and maturational forces) and environmental influences (culture, parenting styles, and learning experiences) are thought to contribute to development. Overall,
a. Biological factors contribute far more than environmental factors.
b. Biological factors contribute somewhat more than environmental factors.
c. Biological and environmental factors are equally important.
d. Environmental factors contribute somewhat more than biological factors.
e. Environmental factors contribute far more than biological factors.
2. Children are innately
a. Mostly bad; they are born with basically negative, selfish impulses.
b. Neither good nor bad; they are blank slates.
c. Both good and bad; they are born with predispositions that are both positive and negative.
d. Mostly good; they are born with many positive tendencies.
3. People are basically
a. Active beings who are the prime determiners of their own abilities and traits.
b. Passive beings whose characteristics are molded either by social influences (parents, other significant people, and outside events) or by biological changes beyond their control.
4. Development proceeds
a. Through stages so that the individual changes rather abruptly into a different kind of person than she was in an earlier stage.
b. In a variety of ways – some stage-like and some gradual or continuous.
c. Continuously – in small increments without abrupt changes or distinct stages.
5. When you compare the development of different individuals, you see
a. May similarities; children and adults develop along universal paths and experience similar changes at similar ages.
b. Many differences; different people often undergo different sequences of change and have widely
Part II. With which theorist do you seem to agree the most? Write a paragraph (three to six sentences) on why you select this theorist.