The documentary Lost In Detention noted that the effect of local police department partnering with federal immigration officials adversely affected the relationship between the police and neighborhood residents. Below are aspects of neighborhood/community that families use in order to thrive:
Social support – The emotional and instrumental resources that parents may use to cope with stressors. In other words, can a parent or child turn to a neighbor for help. As an example, during this period of remote learning, can you borrow your neighbor’s wifi password in order to log on to your online courses? If your child needed tutoring, can you turn to your neighbor? These two examples are instrumental support that neighbors can provide. In the context of immigration, social support may be limited because an undocumented person may be concerned that contact with a neighbor may result in contact with immigration officials. Additionally, immigrants, in general, may view the host country has hostile to people like them and choose not engage with their neighbors.
Social leverage – The access to information through social networks (personal) that parents may use to improve their socioeconomic standing. In other words, a person’s social network is their net worth. This concept is captured by the term social capital. The idea is that we rely on other people to connect us to resources. From a friend that help you get a job or a professor that writes you a recommendation letter, social mobility is associated with the people that we know. In context of immigration, social leverage may be limited because