Positive psychology: the history and philosophy of happiness and the role of positive psychology in promoting happiness through counselling and/or coaching

Option number 1: Write an essay discussing the history and philosophy of happiness and the role of positive psychology in promoting happiness through counselling and/or coaching. The essay will include an overview of the concept of happiness, a discussion of the ways in which happiness can be measured and an analysis of the role of positive psychology in the promotion of happiness through counselling and / or coaching. Your essay needs to discuss the application of positive psychology techniques to the promotion of happiness. Evidence of familiarity with relevant literature and theory is required.
or Option number 2: Evaluate the critique of positive psychology raised by Miller (2008, p. 606): “The model of mental health depicted by positive psychology turns out to be little more than a caricature of an extravert – a bland, shallow, goal-driven careerist whose positive attitudes, certainties and ‘high self-esteem’ mask the fact that he lacks the very qualities that would enable him to attain a degree of true self -knowledge or wisdom, and to really grow as a human being”. The essay will need to include an analysis of the above critique of positive psychology, a discussion of how positive psychology may perpetuate a stereotypical ‘ideal’ individual and include a discussion of the application of positive psychology techniques. Evidence of familiarity with relevant literature and theory is required.
Reference Miller, A. (2008). A critique of positive Psychology—or ‘The new science of happiness’. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 42(3‐4), 591-608. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9752.2008.00646
Marking Criteria:
• Using the guidelines given above, your essay will be marked on the following criteria: An overview of the concepts provided
• Relevant discussion of the concepts involved
• The role of positive psychology through counselling and/or coaching analysed
• The application of positive psychology techniques discussed
• Evidence of familiarity with relevant literature and theory
• Clear and logical presentation which includes introduction and conclusion
• Academic writing style is used, including correct spelling, grammar and punctuation
• Work count is within + or – 10% of requirement
• In-text referencing and reference list follows APA referencing style (6th ed.) as set out in the Academic Skills Guide (minimum four references)

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